Fossil Fuel Emissions
Emissions data for years 2015 and 2016 are preliminary.
Cite as: Boden et al. (2017), UNFCCC (2017), BP (2017), USGS (2017).
Consumption-based Fossil Fuel Emissions
Peters, GP, Minx, JC, Weber L, and Edenhofer, O. 2011. Growth in emission transfers via international trade from 1990 to 2008. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1006388108. Available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/108/21/8903
For an explanation of issues around consumption emissions, see:
Peters, GP, Davis, SJ and Andrew, R. 2012. A synthesis of carbon in international trade. Biogeosciences, 9, 3247-3276. DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-3247-2012. Available at: http://www.biogeosciences.net/9/3247/2012/bg-9-3247-2012.html
The use of data is conditional on citing the original data sources.
Land-Use Change Emissions
Updated from Houghton et al. (2012): Houghton, RA, House, JI, Pongratz, J, van der Werf, GR, DeFries, RS, Hansen, MC, Le Quéré, C, and Ramankutty, N. 2012. Chapter G2 Carbon emissions from land use and land-cover change, Biogeosciences. DOI:10.5194/bg-9-5125-2012. Available at: https://www.biogeosciences.net/9/5125/2012/bg-9-5125-2012.html
The use of data is conditional on citing the original data sources. Data for years 2015 and 2016 are preliminary.
Gross Domestic Product
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